The manufacture of painted tiles

Painted or decorated floors are made by hand, each one of them. The use of sand, cement, fine aggregate, and color form a unique and different texture in each tile. First, we spread the mixture of colors in a unique pattern and pour the cementing. After the stamping process, the tile is soaked in water for ten days to harden the cement. Finally, the polishing work is carried out by hand and wax is applied.

The whole process is performed manually, tile after tile, exactly as it was done more than 100 years ago.

The structure of the tile

Color layer – a blend of white cement, soft sand, hardening material, and natural pigment. The thickness of this layer is approximately 4 mm.

The base layer – a blend of gray cement, soft aggregate, sand, and hardening material. The thickness of this layer is approximately 12 mm.

The tile is made of two layers: the color layer whose thickness is approximately 5 mm, and the base layer which is made of cement and sand.

At the end of the process, each tile is examined by hand, and the tiles will leave the factory a month after production, processing, and hardening process of the concrete

Application instruction

For an impressive result in the implementation of painted tiles, it is necessary to ensure to work correctly in the application of the tiles so that you get the look you want.

Implementation instructions for painted floorboards:

Preparing the surface: clean well the surface from remaining building materials, dirt, and dust.

Making the tiles: for drying purposes, it is recommended to use the tiles, at least, two months after their manufacture.

Before the flooring work, it is necessary to clean up the back of the tile with a wet rag and apply ceramic glue on the back using a serrated tool.

The flooring bed: the recommended platform is dry sand or “sesame.” we recommend to use the latter. Make sure that it is dry before flooring. If the platform is wet, marks may appear on the surface of the tiles and walls. Spread white cement on the platform and flatten it. The cementing blend: make the cementing mixture of white cement, clay, binding material (BG bond).

Flooring work: keep the work clean using a clean rag with water to remove the cementing material residues immediately after flooring.

Protecting the tiles: immediately after the work is done, cover the surface with gypsum (gypsum type B is cheaper and suitable for this). Never cover the surface with plastic wrap (nylon) which seals the tiles and prevent the drying process.

Finishing the work: two months after completion of flooring, make sure that the tiles are completely dry, and all the construction work is completed. At this stage, apply sealant (Sealer) to prevent staining. Clean well the tiles and wash them using a damp rag (never flood it with water). After washing and thoroughly drying the surface, apply a sealer layer using a mop. After drying the first sealer layer, apply a second sealer layer.

After at least 24 hours, you can apply the grout. But before, clean the intervals between the tiles and use a quality cement grout (not the epoxy) in the right color.

Clean off the grout residue with a damp rag. On completion of the grout work and after cleaning it, it is recommended to apply a second sealer layer.

Make sure to work cleanly at all stages of implementation, particularly in the grouting phase. The grout should be implemented using a rubber spatula — and tenderly spread at intervals. Never spread grout all over the surface and then clean it.

Cleaning the tiles

Before discussing how to clean concrete floors, we wish to emphasize the importance of using a quality sealer. The sealer seals the tile and prevents liquid passage into the tiles.

Daily cleaning: the use of ordinary detergents and water will work most effectively. Do not use acute detergents, acids or hydrogen peroxide.

Stain Cleaning: accidents happen, and the tiles can be stained even after sealing. Clean the stain as soon as possible because the stain can eventually penetrate the sealer and stain the tiles.

The most common types of stain sources are coffee, wine, lemon, ketchup, soda, vinegar or other acidic food product. Stain removal is carried out in stages. Start with simple means, and if the stain remains, take more aggressive measures gradually.

Here are the stages: 1) a gentle scrub using abrasive cleaning pad and soap 2) use of “magic sponge” 3) targeted use (on the stain) on the cloth moistened with peroxide which can be purchased at pharmacies. 4) Gentle polishing with sandpaper number 120 (after polishing, a new paint sealer should be applied on the tile).

Paint sealer for concrete floors

Paint sealer is a sealant for slowing down the tiles to prevent staining.

Concrete tiles, terrazzo floors, Sesame floors, marble or stone floors – all are natural mineral materials that need suitable paint sealer for protection from staining.

The paint sealer seals pores and prevents the penetration of fluids, salts and prevents staining and dirt adsorption.

You can get sealer in matte, neutral or bright colors. You should do an experiment with the application and make sure that you got the desired result.

The paint sealer must be applied on a completely dry and clean surface. After completing the flooring works, let the tiles dry. The cementing mixture fluid is absorbed in the floor tiles (and again, we emphasize, use only white cement and in no way use black one). And the drying process takes about a month.

After you’ve confirmed that the surface is dry, you should clean it thoroughly with a gentle broom, and a mop. If building materials are not removed using a damp rag, you can make gentle polishing (paper 252). You can apply the paint sealer using a cloth, brush or roller in a homogeneous movement (such as painting a wall). After applying the sealer, wait about 24 hours and do not step on the surface until its final dry.

Technical specifications

Painted concrete tiles 20/20

Sizes: 20 x 20 x 1.6 cm

Or alternatively:

Sizes: 20 x 20 x 1.2 cm

This scale is suitable for floor or wall cladding

Weight (unit): 1.3 kg weight for 1 sqm (25 units) 32.5 kg

Painted concrete tiles 30/30

Sizes: 30x30x2.5 cm

Weight (unit): 5 kg weight for 1 sqm (approx. 11 units) 55.5 kg

Tolerance dimensions: length/width + -0.5 mm, height +-0.7 mm

Degree of slide prevention: R9

Absorption data: 0.45 grams for square centimeter.

Color layer structure: thickness: 4 mm, white cement (Portland), soft sand, natural pigments

Primary layer structure: gray cement (Portland), sand, hardening materials

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